Aim: Intervention mapping (IM) is a method to systematically design interventions that is applied regularly within the public health domain. This study investigates whether IM is effectively used within the occupational safety and health domain as well. Specifically, this study explores the relation between the fidelity regarding the use of the IM protocol for intervention develop-ment, the implementation process and the effectiveness of the occupational risk prevention and health promotion interventions. Methods: A systematic review was conducted including articles on development, implementation, and effects of occupational risk prevention and health promotion interventions that were developed according to the IM-protocol. By means of a checklist, two authors reviewed the articles and rated them on several indicators regarding the fidelity of the IM-protocol, the implementation process, and the intervention effect. Results: A literature search resulted in a total of 12 interventions as described in 38 articles. The fidelity to the IM-protocol was relatively low for participation throughout the development process and implementation planning. No relationship was found between fidelity of the IM-protocol and the intervention effect. A theory-based approach (as one of the core elements of IM) appears to be positively related to a successful implementation process. Conclusion: Results of the review suggest that organizing a participative approach and implementation planning is difficult in practice. In addition, results imply that conducting matrices of change objectives as part of the intervention development, although challenging and time-consuming, may ultimately pay off, resulting in a tailored intervention that matches the target group.

Intervention mapping, Interventions, Occupational health promotion, Occupational risk prevention,
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Bakhuys Roozeboom, M.C. (Maartje C.), Wiezer, N.M. (Noortje M.), Boot, C.R.L, Bongers, P.M, & Schelvis, R.M.C. (2021). Use of intervention mapping for occupational risk prevention and health promotion: A systematic review of literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 18, pp. 1–19). doi:10.3390/ijerph18041775