Tamoxifen is a major option for adjuvant endocrine treatment in estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer patients. The conversion of the prodrug tamoxifen into the most active metabolite endoxifen is mainly catalyzed by the enzyme cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6). Genetic variation in the CYP2D6 gene leads to altered enzyme activity, which influences endoxifen formation and thereby potentially therapy outcome. The association between genetically compromised CYP2D6 activity and low endoxifen plasma concentrations is generally accepted, and it was shown that tamoxifen dose increments in compromised patients resulted in higher endoxifen concentrations. However, the correlation between CYP2D6 genotype and clinical outcome is still under debate. This has led to genotype-based tamoxifen dosing recommendations by the Clinical Pharmacogenetic Implementation Consortium (CPIC) in 2018, whereas in 2019, the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) discouraged the use of CYP2D6 genotyping in clinical practice for tamoxifen therapy. This paper describes the latest developments on CYP2D6 genotyping in relation to endoxifen plasma concentrations and tamoxifen-related clinical outcome. Therefore, we focused on Pharmacogenetic publications from 2018 (CPIC publication) to 2021 in order to shed a light on the current status of this debate.

CYP2D6, Cytochrome P450 2D6, Genotyping, PGx, Pharmacogenetics, Review, Tamox-ifen treatment, Tamoxifen
dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers13040771, hdl.handle.net/1765/134859
Cancers
Department of Clinical Chemistry

Mulder, T.A.M. (Tessa A. M.), de With, M. (Mirjam), Del Re, M. (Marzia), Danesi, R, Mathijssen, A.H.J, & van Schaik, R.H.N. (2021). Clinical cyp2d6 genotyping to personalize adjuvant tamoxifen treatment in er-positive breast cancer patients: Current status of a controversy. Cancers (Vol. 13, pp. 1–15). doi:10.3390/cancers13040771