Multistage problems with uncertain parameters and integer decisions variables are among the most difficult applications of robust optimization (RO). The challenge in these problems is to find optimal here-and-now decisions, taking into account that the wait-and-see decisions have to adapt to the revealed values of the uncertain parameters. An existing approach to solve these problems is to construct piecewise constant decision rules by adaptively partitioning the uncertainty set. The partitions of this set are iteratively updated by separating so-called criticial scenarios, and methods for identifying these critical scenarios are available. However, these methods are most suitable for problems with continuous decision variables and many uncertain constraints, providing no mathematically rigorous methodology for partitioning in case of integer decisions. In particular, they are not able to identify sets of critical scenarios for integer problems with uncertainty in the objective function only. In this paper, we address this shortcoming by introducing a general critical scenario detection method. The new method leverages the information embedded in the dual vectors of the LP relaxations at the nodes of the branch-and-bound tree used to solve the corresponding static problem. Numerical experiments on a route planning problem show that our general-purpose method outperforms a problemspecific approach from the literature.

Adaptivity, Adjustability, Mixed-integer, Robust optimization,
I N F O R M S Journal on Computing: charting new directions in OR and CS
Department of Econometrics

Romeijnders, W, & Postek, K.S. (2021). Piecewise constant decision rules via branch-and-bound based scenario detection for integer adjustable robust optimization. I N F O R M S Journal on Computing: charting new directions in OR and CS, 33(1), 390–400. doi:10.1287/ijoc.2019.0934