OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated whether patients with a left-sided femoral neck fracture (FNF) treated with a sliding hip screw (SHS) had a higher implant failure rate than patients treated for a right-sided FNF. This was performed to determine the clinical relevance of the clockwise rotational torque of the femoral neck lag screw in a SHS, in relation to the rotational stability of left and right-sided FNFs after fixation. METHODS: Data were derived from the FAITH trial and Dutch Hip Fracture Audit (DHFA). Patients with a FNF, aged ≥50, treated with a SHS, with at least 3-month follow-up data available, were included. Implant failure was analyzed in a multivariable logistic regression model adjusted for age, sex, fracture displacement, prefracture living setting and functional mobility, and American Society for Anesthesiologists Class. RESULTS: One thousand seven hundred fifty patients were included, of which 944 (53.9%) had a left-sided and 806 (46.1%) a right-sided FNF. Implant failure occurred in 60 cases (3.4%), of which 31 were left-sided and 29 right-sided. No association between fracture side and implant failure was found [odds ratio (OR) for left vs. right 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.52-1.52]. Female sex (OR 3.02, CI: 1.62-6.10), using a mobility aid (OR 2.02, CI 1.01-3.96) and a displaced fracture (OR 2.51, CI: 1.44-4.42), were associated with implant failure. CONCLUSIONS: This study could not substantiate the hypothesis that the biomechanics of the clockwise screw rotation of the SHS contributes to an increased risk of implant failure in left-sided FNFs compared with right-sided fractures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level II.See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001934, hdl.handle.net/1765/135491
Surgery and Traumatology
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Würdemann, F.S, Poolman, R.W, Krijnen, P, Bzovsky, S, Sprague, S, Kaptein, B.L, … Schipper, I.B. (2020). Clockwise Torque of Sliding Hip Screws: Is There a Right Side?. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 34, S76–S80. doi:10.1097/BOT.0000000000001934