<p>A single antibody (anti-TRBC1; JOVI-1 antibody clone) against one of the two mutually exclusive T-cell receptor β-chain constant domains was identified as a potentially useful flow-cy-tometry (FCM) marker to assess Tαβ-cell clonality. We optimized the TRBC1-FCM approach for detecting clonal Tαβ-cells and validated the method in 211 normal, reactive and pathological sam-ples. TRBC1 labeling significantly improved in the presence of CD3. Purified TRBC1<sup>+</sup> and TRBC1<sup>−</sup> monoclonal and polyclonal Tαβ-cells rearranged TRBJ1 in 44/47 (94%) and TRBJ1+TRBJ2 in 48 of 48 (100%) populations, respectively, which confirmed the high specificity of this assay. Additionally, TRBC1<sup>+</sup>/TRBC1<sup>−</sup> ratios within different Tαβ-cell subsets are provided as reference for polyclonal cells, among which a bimodal pattern of TRBC1-expression profile was found for all TCRVβ fami-lies, whereas highly-variable TRBC1<sup>+</sup>/TRBC1<sup>−</sup> ratios were observed in more mature vs. naïve Tαβ-cell subsets (vs. total T-cells). In 112/117 (96%) samples containing clonal Tαβ-cells in which the approach was validated, monotypic expression of TRBC1 was confirmed. Dilutional experiments showed a level of detection for detecting clonal Tαβ-cells of ≤10<sup>−4</sup> in seven out of eight pathological samples. These results support implementation of the optimized TRBC1-FCM approach as a fast, specific and accurate method for assessing T-cell clonality in diagnostic-FCM panels, and for minimal (residual) disease detection in mature Tαβ<sup>+</sup> leukemia/lymphoma patients.</p>

doi.org/10.3390/cancers13174379, hdl.handle.net/1765/136021
Netherlands Heart Journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

M. (Michelle) Michels, G van der Veen, & JG Meeder. (2021). Problems on the labour market for young Dutch cardiologists. Netherlands Heart Journal, 29(9), 423–426. doi:10.1007/s12471-021-01626-y