<p>Background The criteria to define the grade of aortic stenosis (AS) - aortic valve area (AVA) and mean gradient (MG) or peak jet velocity - do not always coincide into one grade. Although in severe AS, this discrepancy is well characterised, in moderate AS, the phenomenon of discordant grading has not been investigated and its prognostic implications are unknown. Objectives To investigate the occurrence of discordant grading in patients with moderate AS (defined by an AVA between 1.0 cm² and 1.5 cm² but with an MG &lt;20 mm Hg) and how these patients compare with those with concordant grading moderate AS (AVA between 1.0 cm² and 1.5 cm² and MG ≥20 mm Hg) in terms of clinical outcomes. Methods From an ongoing registry of patients with AS, patients with moderate AS based on AVA were selected and classified into discordant or concordant grading (MG &lt;20 mm Hg or ≥20 mm Hg, respectively). The clinical endpoint was all-cause mortality. Results Of 790 patients with moderate AS, 150 (19.0%) had discordant grading, moderate AS. Patients with discordant grading were older, had higher prevalence of previous myocardial infarction and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, larger LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volume index, higher LV filling pressure and lower LV ejection fraction and stroke volume index as compared with their counterparts. After a median follow-up of 4.9 years (IQR 3.0-8.2), patients with discordant grading had lower aortic valve replacement rates (26.7% vs 44.1%, p&lt;0.001) and higher mortality rates (60.0% vs 43.1%, p&lt;0.001) as compared with patients with concordant grading. Discordant grading moderate AS, combined with low LV ejection fraction, presented the higher risk of mortality (HR 2.78 (2.00-3.87), p&lt;0.001). Conclusion Discordant-grading moderate AS is not uncommon and, when combined with low LV ejection fraction, is associated with high risk of mortality. </p>

doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2021-001639, hdl.handle.net/1765/136041
Open Heart
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam