<p>Background: In 2002, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group reported well-established values for conducting phase II trials for soft-tissue sarcomas. An update is provided for leiomyosarcoma (LMS). Materials and methods: Clinical trials with advanced or metastatic LMS were identified via literature review in PubMed (published 2003–2018, ≥10 adult LMS patients). End-points were 3- and 6-month progression-free survival rates (PFSR-3m and PFSR-6m). When estimates could not be derived from publications, data requests were sent out. Treatments were classified as recommended (R-T) or non-recommended (NR-T) according to the ESMO 2018 guidelines. A random effects meta-analysis was used to pool trial-specific estimates for first-line (1L) or pre-treated (2L+) patients separately. The ESMO Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale was used to guide the treatment effect to target in future trials. Results: From 47 studies identified, we obtained information on 7 1L and 16 2L+ trials for 1500 LMS patients. Overall, in 1L, PFSR-3m and PFSR-6m were 74% (95% confidence interval [CI] 64–82%) and 58% (95% CI 50–66%), respectively. For 2L+, PFSR-3m was 48% (95% CI 41–54%), and PFSR-6m was 28% (95% CI 22–34%). No difference was observed between R-T and NR-T for first or later lines. Under the alternative that the true benefit amounts to a hazard ratio of 0.65, a PFSR-6m ≥70% can be considered to suggest drug activity in 1L. For 2L+, a PFSR-3m ≥62% or PFSR-6m ≥44% would suggest drug activity. Specific results are also provided for uterine LMS. Conclusions: This work provides a new benchmark for designing phase II studies for advanced or metastatic LMS.</p>

doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2021.06.025, hdl.handle.net/1765/136053
European Journal of Cancer
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Georgios Kantidakis, S. Litière, Anouk Neven, Marie Vinches, Ian Judson, Patrick Schöffski, … Hans Gelderblom. (2021). Efficacy thresholds for clinical trials with advanced or metastatic leiomyosarcoma patients. European Journal of Cancer (Vol. 154, pp. 253–268). doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2021.06.025