<p>Bone metastases, occurring in 30–60% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), are associated with decreased survival, cancer-induced bone pain, and skeletal-related events (SREs). Those with an activating epidermal growth factor mutation (EGFR+) seem to be more prone to develop bone metastases. To gain more insight into bone metastases-related outcomes in EGFR+ NSCLC, we performed a systematic review on Pubmed (2006–2021). Main inclusion criteria: prospective, phase II/III trials evaluating EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors, ≥10 EGFR+ patients in-cluded, data on bone metastases and/or bone-related outcomes available. Out of 663 articles, 21 (3176 EGFR+ patients) met the eligibility criteria; 4 phase III (one double blind), 17 phase II trials (three randomized) were included. In seven trials dedicated bone imaging was performed at base-line. Mean incidence of bone metastases at diagnosis was 42%; 3–33% had progression in the bone upon progression. Except for one trial, it was not specified whether the use of bone target agents was permitted, and in none of the trials, occurrence of SREs was reported. Despite the high incidence of bone metastases in EGFR+ adenocarcinoma, there is a lack of screening for, and reporting on bone metastases in clinical trials, as well as permitted bone-targeted agents and SREs.</p>

doi.org/10.3390/cancers13133144, hdl.handle.net/1765/136152
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Anita Brouns, Safiye Dursun, Gerben Bootsma, A.C. (Anne-Marie) Dingemans, & Lizza Hendriks. (2021). Reporting of incidence and outcome of bone metastases in clinical trials enrolling patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutated lung adenocarcinoma—a systematic review. Cancers (Vol. 13). doi:10.3390/cancers13133144