<p>Purpose: To describe the detailed retinal phenotype of KCNV2-associated retinopathy. Study design: Multicenter international retrospective case series. Methods: Review of retinal imaging including fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), including qualitative and quantitative analyses. Results: Three distinct macular FAF features were identified: (1) centrally increased signal (n = 35, 41.7%), (2) decreased autofluorescence (n = 27, 31.1%), and (3) ring of increased signal (n = 37, 44.0%). Five distinct FAF groups were identified based on combinations of those features, with 23.5% of patients changing the FAF group over a mean (range) follow-up of 5.9 years (1.9-13.1 years). Qualitative assessment was performed by grading OCT into 5 grades: (1) continuous ellipsoid zone (EZ) (20.5%); (2) EZ disruption (26.1%); (3) EZ absence, without optical gap and with preserved retinal pigment epithelium complex (21.6%); (4) loss of EZ and a hyporeflective zone at the foveola (6.8%); and (5) outer retina and retinal pigment epithelium complex loss (25.0%). Eighty-six patients had scans available from both eyes, with 83 (96.5%) having the same grade in both eyes, and 36.1% changed OCT grade over a mean follow-up of 5.5 years. The annual rate of outer nuclear layer thickness change was similar for right and left eyes. Conclusions: KCNV2-associated retinopathy is a slowly progressive disease with early retinal changes, which are predominantly symmetric between eyes. The identification of a single OCT or FAF measurement as an endpoint to determine progression that applies to all patients may be challenging, although outer nuclear layer thickness is a potential biomarker. Findings suggest a potential window for intervention until 40 years of age.</p>

doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2021.03.004, hdl.handle.net/1765/136233
American Journal of Ophthalmology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Michalis Georgiou, Kaoru Fujinami, Ajoy Vincent, Fadi Nasser, Samer Khateb, Mauricio E. Vargas, … Michel Michaelides. (2021). KCNV2-Associated Retinopathy. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 230, 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2021.03.004