<p>Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin disease driven by dysregulations at the cellular, genomic and genetic levels. MicroRNAs are key mediators of gene expression regulation. However, how microRNAs control the pathogenesis of psoriasis is still unclear. Here, we reported a significant up-regulation of miR-378a-3p (miR-378a) in skin biopsies from active psoriatic lesions while it was down-regulated after treatment with methotrexate or narrow-band ultraviolet B phototherapy. Using the keratinocyte in vitro model, we showed that miR-378a disturbed the cell cycle progression, causing cell cycle arrest at G1 phase. Transcriptomic analysis of keratinocytes with miR-378a overexpression and depletion revealed several important biological mechanisms related to inflammation and tight junction. Target mRNA transcript assessed by luciferase assay identified bone morphogenetic protein 2 as a novel target gene of miR-378a. These findings offer a mechanistic model where miR-378a contributes to the pathogenesis of psoriasis.</p>

doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93616-8, hdl.handle.net/1765/136293
Scientific Reports
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Wipasiri Soonthornchai, Pattarin Tangtanatakul, Kornvalee Meesilpavikkai, V.A.S.H. Dalm, Patipark Kueanjinda, & Jongkonnee Wongpiyabovorn. (2021). MicroRNA-378a-3p is overexpressed in psoriasis and modulates cell cycle arrest in keratinocytes via targeting BMP2 gene. Scientific Reports, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-93616-8