<p>Purpose: We study sex differences in 1-year mortality of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Data: A retrospective cohort analysis of OHCA and IHCA patients registered in the NICE registry in the Netherlands. The primary and secondary outcomes were 1-year and hospital mortality, respectively. Results: We included 19,440 OHCA patients (5977 women, 30.7%) and 13,461 IHCA patients (4889 women, 36.3%). For OHCA, 1-year mortality was 63.9% in women and 52.6% in men (Hazard Ratio [HR] 1.28, 95% Confidence Interval [95% CI] 1.23–1.34). For IHCA, 1-year mortality was 60.0% in women and 57.0% in men (HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.04–1.14). In OHCA, hospital mortality was 57.4% in women and 46.5% in men (Odds Ratio [OR] 1.42, 95% CI 1.33–1.52). In IHCA, hospital mortality was 52.0% in women and 48.2% in men (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.03–1.20). Conclusion: Women admitted to the ICU after cardiac arrest have a higher mortality rate than men. After left-truncation, we found that this sex difference persisted for OHCA. For IHCA we found that the effect of sex was mainly present in the initial phase after the cardiac arrest.</p>

doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2021.04.007, hdl.handle.net/1765/136359
Journal of Critical Care
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

L. (Loes) Mandigers, F Termorshuizen, Nicolette F. de Keizer, W.J.R. (Wim) Rietdijk, D.A.M.P.J. (Diederik) Gommers, D. (Dinis) Dos Reis Miranda, & CA (Corstiaan) den Uil. (2021). Higher 1-year mortality in women admitted to intensive care units after cardiac arrest. Journal of Critical Care, 64, 176–183. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2021.04.007