<p>Final lesion volume (FLV) is a surrogate outcome measure in anterior circulation stroke (ACS). In posterior circulation stroke (PCS), this relation is plausibly understudied due to a lack of methods that automatically quantify FLV. The applicability of deep learning approaches to PCS is limited due to its lower incidence compared to ACS. We evaluated strategies to develop a convo-lutional neural network (CNN) for PCS lesion segmentation by using image data from both ACS and PCS patients. We included follow-up non-contrast computed tomography scans of 1018 patients with ACS and 107 patients with PCS. To assess whether an ACS lesion segmentation generalizes to PCS, a CNN was trained on ACS data (ACS-CNN). Second, to evaluate the performance of only including PCS patients, a CNN was trained on PCS data. Third, to evaluate the performance when combining the datasets, a CNN was trained on both datasets. Finally, to evaluate the performance of transfer learning, the ACS-CNN was fine-tuned using PCS patients. The transfer learning strategy outperformed the other strategies in volume agreement with an intra-class correlation of 0.88 (95% CI: 0.83–0.92) vs. 0.55 to 0.83 and a lesion detection rate of 87% vs. 41–77 for the other strategies. Hence, transfer learning improved the FLV quantification and detection rate of PCS lesions compared to the other strategies.</p>

doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11091621, hdl.handle.net/1765/136527
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Riaan Zoetmulder, Praneeta R. Konduri, Iris V. Obdeijn, Efstratios Gavves, Ivana Išgum, Charles B.L.M. Majoie, … Henk A. Marquering. (2021). Automated final lesion segmentation in posterior circulation acute ischemic stroke using deep learning. Diagnostics, 11(9). doi:10.3390/diagnostics11091621