<p>Iatrogenic preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes (iPPROM) remains the Achilles' heel of keyhole fetal surgery (fetoscopy) despite significant efforts in preclinical models to develop new therapies. This limited success is partially due to incomplete understanding why the fetal membranes rupture early after fetoscopy and notable differences in membrane physiology between humans and domestic species. In this review, we summarize aspects of fetoscopy that may contribute to iPPROM, the previous efforts to develop new therapies, and limitations of preclinical models commonly used in fetal membrane research. </p>

doi.org/10.1159/000517151, hdl.handle.net/1765/136773
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Benjamin Amberg, Ryan Hodges, Karyn Rodgers, Kelly Crossley, Stuart B. Hooper, & P.L.J. (Philip) Dekoninck. (2021). Why Do the Fetal Membranes Rupture Early after Fetoscopy? A Review. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy (Vol. 48, pp. 493–503). doi:10.1159/000517151