<p>The aim of this study was to increase somatostatin type‐2 receptor (SSTR2) expression on neuroendocrine tumor (NET) cells using histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis), potentially increasing the uptake of SSTR2‐targeted radiopharmaceuticals and subsequently improving treatment efficacy of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Human NET cell lines BON‐1, NCI‐ H727, and GOT1 were treated with HDACis (i.e., CI‐994, entinostat, LMK‐235, mocetinostat, panobinostat, or valproic acid (VPA); entinostat and VPA were the HDACis tested in GOT1 cells) to examine SSTR2 mRNA expression levels and uptake of SSTR2‐targeting radiotracer [<sup>111</sup>In]In‐DO‐ TATATE. Reversibility of the induced effects was examined after drug‐withdrawal. Finally, the effect of VPA on radiosensitivity was investigated. A strong stimulatory effect in BON‐1, NCI‐H727, and GOT1 cells was observed after HDACi treatment, both on SSTR2 mRNA expression levels and [<sup>111</sup>In]In‐DOTATATE uptake. The effects of the HDACis were largely reversible over a period of seven days, demonstrating largest reductions within the first day. The reversibility profile of the induced effects suggests that proper timing of HDACi treatment is most likely essential for a beneficial outcome. In addition to increasing SSTR2 expression levels, VPA enhanced the radiosensitivity of all cell lines. In conclusion, HDACi treatment increased SSTR2 expression, and radiosensitivity was also enhanced upon VPA treatment.</p>

doi.org/10.3390/cancers13194905, hdl.handle.net/1765/136870
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

M.J. (Ilva) Klomp, S.U. (Simone) Dalm, P.M. (Peter) van Koetsveld, F. (Fadime) Dogan - Oruç, M (Marion) Hendriks - de Jong, & L.J. (Leo) Hofland. (2021). Comparing the effect of multiple histone deacetylase inhibitors on sstr2 expression and [111in]in‐dotatate uptake in net cells. Cancers, 13(19). doi:10.3390/cancers13194905