<p>Background: Intravascular polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain imaging (PS-OFDI) offers a novel approach to measure tissue birefringence, which is elevated in collagen and smooth muscle cells, that in turn plays a critical role in healing coronary thrombus (HCT). This study aimed to quantitatively assess polarization properties of coronary fresh and organizing thrombus with PS-OFDI in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods and Results: The POLARIS-I prospective registry enrolled 32 patients with ACS. Pre-procedural PS-OFDI pullbacks using conventional imaging catheters revealed 26 thrombus-regions in 21 patients. Thrombus was manually delineated in conventional OFDI cross-sections separated by 0.5 mm and categorized into fresh thrombus caused by plaque rupture, stent thrombosis, or erosion in 18 thrombus-regions (182 frames) or into HCT for 8 thrombus-regions (141 frames). Birefringence of coronary thrombus was compared between the 2 categories. Birefringence in HCTs was significantly higher than in fresh thrombus (∆n=0.47 (0.37–0.72) vs. ∆n=0.25 (0.17–0.29), P=0.007). In a subgroup analysis, when only using thrombus-regions from culprit lesions, ischemic time was a significant predictor for birefringence (ß (∆n)=0.001 per hour, 95% CI [0.0002–0.002], P=0.023). Conclusions: Intravascular PS-OFDI offers the opportunity to quantitatively assess the polarimetric properties of fresh and organizing coronary thrombus, providing new insights into vascular healing and plaque stability.</p>

doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-20-0862, hdl.handle.net/1765/136904
Circulation Journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

LJC (Laurens) van Zandvoort, Kenichiro Otsuka, Martin Villiger, T. (Tara) Neleman, J Dijkstra, F. (Felix) Zijlstra, … J. (Joost) Daemen. (2021). Polarimetric signatures of coronary thrombus in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Circulation Journal, 85(10), 1806–1813. doi:10.1253/circj.CJ-20-0862