<p>Purpose: During transvenous lead extraction (TLE), the femoral snare has mainly been used as a bail-out procedure. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a TLE approach with a low threshold to use a combined superior and femoral approach. Methods: This is a single-center observational study including all TLE procedures between 2012 till 2019. Results: A total of 264 procedures (median age 63 (51–71) years, 67.0% male) were performed in the study period. The main indications for TLE were lead malfunction (67.0%), isolated pocket infection (17.0%) and systemic infection (11.7%). The median dwelling time of the oldest targeted lead was 6.8 (4.0–9.7) years. The techniques used to perform the procedure were the use of a femoral snare only (30%), combined rotational powered sheath and femoral snare (25%), manual traction only (20%), rotational powered sheath only (17%) and locking stylet only (8%). The complete and clinical procedural success rate was 90.2% and 97.7%, respectively, and complete lead removal rate was 94.1% of all targeted leads. The major and minor procedure-related complication rates were 1.1% and 10.2%, respectively. There was one case (0.4%) of emergent sternotomy for management of cardiac avulsion. Furthermore, there were 5 in-hospital non-procedure-related deaths (1.9%), of whom 4 were related to septic shock due to a Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis after an uncomplicated TLE with complete removal of all leads. Conclusion: An effective and safe TLE procedure can be achieved by using the synergy between a superior and femoral approach.</p>

doi.org/10.1007/s10840-020-00889-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/137113
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

S.C. (Sing) Yap, R.E. (Rohit) Bhagwandien, D.A.M.J. (Dominic) Theuns, YE Yasar, J de Heide, M.G. (Mark) Hoogendijk, … T. (Tamas) Szili Torok. (2021). Efficacy and safety of transvenous lead extraction using a liberal combined superior and femoral approach. Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, 62(2), 239–248. doi:10.1007/s10840-020-00889-6