<p>The present article develops a methodical literature review on the social and behavioral dimensions in common-pool resources (CPR) cooperation, especially in groundwater management. It is built upon the revision of ninety-five articles published in peer-reviewed journals related to water, collective goods, common-pool resources, and natural resources economics. The time span covers the published books and articles from 1964 until 2018 and makes special reference to Hume (1898) explanations on how complicated the maintenance of resources used in common is. If sustainability in CPR management programs is pursued, drivers for cooperation should be understood to make it manageable and operationalizable. Suggestions are made in terms of the classification of the drivers for cooperation, namely instruments, conditions, components/strategies, and assumptions. Apart from presenting the literature reviewed, the implications for CPR sustainability are discussed. Aquifers present different hydrogeological characteristics, subject to complex social extraction decisions and physical changing circumstances such as climate change and climate variability. Groundwater conservation and experimental settings should not only reflect the complex physical interrelated elements, but the complex social institutions and rules governing the extraction patterns.</p>

doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2021.100668, hdl.handle.net/1765/137169
Groundwater for Sustainable Development
Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences

JM (John Milton) Asprilla Echeverria. (2021). The social drivers of cooperation in groundwater management and implications for sustainability. Groundwater for Sustainable Development (Vol. 15). doi:10.1016/j.gsd.2021.100668