This paper compares the impacts of SARS and human deaths arising from Avian Flu on international tourist arrivals to Asia. The effects of SARS and human deaths from Avian Flu will be compared directly according to human deaths. The nature of the short run and long run relationship is examined empirically by estimating a static line fixed effect model and a difference transformation dynamic model, respectively. Empirical results from the static fixed effect and difference transformation dynamic models are consistent, and indicate that both the short run and long run SARS effect have a more significant impact on international tourist arrivals than does Avian Flu. In addition, the effects of deaths arising from both SARS and Avian Flu suggest that SARS is more important to international tourist arrivals than is Avian Flu. Thus, while Avian Flu is here to stay, its effect is currently not as significant as that of SARS.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Avian flu, SARS, dynamic panel data model, international tourism, static fixed effects model
Publisher Erasmus School of Economics
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/13771
Series Econometric Institute Research Papers
Journal Report / Econometric Institute, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Citation
McAleer, M.J, Huang, B-W, Kuo, H-I, Chen, C-C, & Chang, C-L. (2008). An econometric analysis of SARS and Avian flu on international tourist arrivals to Asia (No. EI 2008-21). Report / Econometric Institute, Erasmus University Rotterdam (pp. 1–28). Erasmus School of Economics. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/13771