The institutional review board approved this study, and all patients gave written informed consent. One hundred twenty-five patients scheduled to undergo retrospectively electrocardiographically gated 16-detector row computed tomographic coronary angiography were prospectively randomized into the following five groups with respect to the intravenous administration of a 140-mL bolus of contrast material at 4 mL/sec: group 1 (iohexol [300 mg of iodine per milliliter]), group 2 (iodixanol [320 mg I/mL]), group 3 (iohexol [350 mg I/mL]), group 4 (iomeprol [350 mg I/mL]), and group 5 (iomeprol [400 mg I/mL]). Attenuation was measured in the descending aorta and coronary arteries. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare groups. Mean attenuation values in the descending aorta were significantly (P < .05) lower in group 1 and higher in group 5 compared with the mean values in the other three groups. The same pattern was observed in the coronary arteries. Contrast materials with higher iodine concentrations yield significantly higher attenuation in the descending aorta and coronary arteries.

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Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cademartiri, F., Mollet, N., van der Lugt, A., McFadden, E., Stijnen, T., de Feyter, P., & Krestin, G. (2005). Intravenous contrast material administration at helical 16-detector row CT coronary angiography: effect of iodine concentration on vascular attenuation.. Radiology (Vol. 236, pp. 661–665). doi:10.1148/radiol.2362040468