Background: Increased mucus production is a common phenomena following ventilatory support, which might increase morbidity. In order to reduce airway obstruction we tested the effect of vibration therapy on the duration of ventilatory support. Methodology: We conducted a randomised control study in a level IIIC NICU (28 beds) of a university hospital. Compared were nonactive techniques to vibration therapy in preterm infants with a gestational age of 26 - 33 weeks. All infants were ventilated or receive respiratory support by nasal CPAP. Results: 104 infants were enrolled, 49 in the vibration group and 55 in the control group. Demographic characters were in the vibration group compared to control group mean birth weight 1274 (± 335) gram vs. 1240 (± 351) gram and mean gestational age 29.8 (± 1.3) weeks vs. 29.9 (± 1.4) weeks. Vibration therapy did not reduce ventilation time (100 vs. 80 hours, p = 0.88) however duration of CPAP decreases significant (57 vs 157 hours, p < 0.018). Conclusion: Vibration therapy reduced Mean Airway Pressure, oxygen requirements and CPAP need in preterm infants, but did not reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation.

Airway clearance, CPAP, Infants, Ventilation, Vibration therapy
Pediatric Intensive Care Nursing
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Helder, K, MScN, Hop, W.C.J, & van Goudoever, J.B. (2008). Vibration therapy reduces CPAP need in a prospective randomised controlled trial. Pediatric Intensive Care Nursing, 9(1), 3–7. Retrieved from