This article reviews the literature on the pathophysiology of male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) with the intention of developing a new preventive intervention for this bothersome disease. Traditionally, male voiding dysfunction has been thought to arise from bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) caused by prostatic enlargement. Many years of research, however, have shown that a clear relationship between the size of the prostate and the occurrence or severity of symptoms is doubtful. Because of its crucial role in urination, it is increasingly being accepted that the clinical manifestation of voiding dysfunction relies on the functional behaviour of the bladder. Several animal studies have shown that bladder performance can be improved by increasing urine output. Contrary to alterations observed in pathologic situations, an increased urine output provides a physiologic stimulus for animal bladder function improvement. We hypothesise that a trained bladder should be less susceptible to the harmful effects of ageing and obstruction. Future symptoms may thus be prevented. In humans an increased urine output can be achieved by drinking additional water, which could be an adequate preventive intervention

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Medical Hypotheses
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Spigt, M., Schayck, O., Kerrebroeck, P., van Mastrigt, R., & Knottnerus, A. (2004). Pathophysiological aspects of bladder dysfunction: a new hypothesis for the prevention of 'prostatic' symptoms. Medical Hypotheses (Vol. 62, pp. 448–452). doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2003.10.004