This paper presents a solution approach to the dynamic vehicle scheduling problem. This approach consists of solving a sequence of optimization problems, where we take into account different scenarios for future travel times. We discuss the potential benefit of our approach compared to the traditional one, where the vehicle scheduling problem is solved only once for a whole period and the travel times are assumed to be fixed. Because in the multiple-depot case we cannot solve the problem exactly within reasonable computation time, we use a "cluster-reschedule" heuristic where we first assign trips to depots by solving the static problem and then solve dynamic single-depot problems. We use new mathematical formulations of these problems that allow fast solution by standard optimization software. Results of a computational study with real-life data are presented, in which we compare different variants of our approach and perform a sensitivity analysis with respect to deviations of the actual travel times from estimated ones.

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ERIM Top-Core Articles
Transportation Science
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Huisman, D., Freling, R., & Wagelmans, A. (2004). A robust solution approach to the dynamic vehicle scheduling problem. Transportation Science, 38(4), 447–458. doi:10.1287/trsc.1030.0069