The labor market in many Western countries increasingly diversifies. However, little is known about job search behavior of “non-traditional” applicants such as ethnic minorities. This study investigated minority – majority group differences in the predictors of job search behavior, using the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985). Data were collected in a two-wave longitudinal design among 697 temporary employees in The Netherlands. Results showed that the ethnic minorities’ perceptions of social pressure predicted intentions to search for a (new) job more strongly than their personal attitudes did. The opposite was found in the native-Dutch group. Self-efficacy did not contribute to the prediction of job search intention. Job search behavior related significantly to job search outcomes, such as job attainment.

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Journal of Vocational Behavior
Department of Psychology

van Hooft, E., Born, M., Taris, T., & van der Flier, H. (2004). Job search and the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(3), 366–390. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2003.09.001