Building upon the self-based model of cooperation (De Cremer & Tyler, [2005]), the present study investigates the relationship between the five-factor model (FFM) and cooperation. Study 1 (N = 56), an experiment conducted in the laboratory, and Study 2 (N = 116), a field study conducted in an organisational context, yielded a moderator effect between neuroticism and procedural fairness in explaining cooperation. Study 3 (N = 177) showed that this moderator effect was mediated by the self-uncertainty and relational variables proposed by the self-based model of cooperation. It is concluded that the FFM is useful in explaining cooperation and contributes to a better understanding of (procedural) fairness effects. Moreover, the necessity to build integrative, multi-level models that combine core and surface aspects of personality to explain the effects of fairness on cooperation is elaborated upon.

organisational psychology, personality scales and inventories, social groups,
ERIM Article Series (EAS)
European Journal of Personality
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

van Hiel, A, de Cremer, D, & Stouten, J. (2008). The personality basis of justice: The five-factor model as an integrative model of personality and procedural fairness effects on cooperation. European Journal of Personality, 22(6), 519–539. doi:10.1002/per.691