From social ties to embedded competencies: The case of business groups
Journal of Management & Governance , Volume 12 - Issue 4 p. 325- 341
Our current views of economic competition are still rooted in the imagery of the isolated firm that transacts with its buyers, suppliers, and competitors via largely anonymous factor and product markets. Yet this view is fundamentally at odds with the growing importance of business groups in the global economy. We thus need a reconceptualized version of our idea of economic competition, which is capable of explaining competitive advantage at the group-versus-group rather than firm-versus-firm level of analysis. In the present paper we build on insights derived from organizational sociology and organizational economics to develop a business group-level theory of competition and competitive advantage based on embedded competencies.
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Heugens, P.P.M.A.R, & Zyglidopoulos, S.C. (2008). From social ties to embedded competencies: The case of business groups. Journal of Management & Governance, 12(4), 325–341. doi:10.1007/s10997-008-9064-7