This study aims to gain insight in the motivational process of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model by examining whether daily fluctuations in colleague support (i.e., a typical job resource) predict day-levels of job performance through self-efficacy and work engagement. Forty-four flight attendants filled in a questionnaire and a diary booklet before and after consecutive flights to three intercontinental destinations. Results of multilevel analyses revealed that colleague support had unique positive effects on self-efficacy and work engagement. Self-efficacy did not mediate the relationship between support and engagement, but work engagement mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and (in-role and extra-role) performance. In addition, colleague support had an indirect effect on in-role performance through work engagement. These findings shed light on the motivational process as outlined in the JD-R model, and suggest that colleague support is an important job resource for flight attendants helping them reach their work-related goals.

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Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Xanthopoulou, D., Baker, A., Heuven, E., Demerouti, E., & Schaufeli, W. (2008). Working in the Sky: A Diary Study on Work Engagement Among Flight Attendants. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 13(4), 345–356. doi:10.1037/1076-8998.13.4.345