AIMS: Recently, methods have been introduced for non-invasively measuring the isovolumetric bladder pressure. This pressure can also be measured invasively using a stop test. In itself, the isovolumetric pressure is a measure of urinary bladder contractility, by combining it with maximum urinary flow rate it can be used to diagnose infravesical obstruction. We have studied the (possible) volume dependence of this pressure in order to enhance the accuracy of this type of measurements and to explore its physiological background and possible diagnostic relevance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1,020 healthy subjects, recruited for an ongoing longitudinal study of changes in bladder contractility secondary to prostatic enlargement, we measured the isovolumetric bladder pressure using the condom catheter method. In each subject, voiding was repeatedly interrupted. The resulting pressure-volume relations were normalized and averaged. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: There is an optimum bladder volume for isovolumetric pressure measurements, averaging 264 +/- 122 ml (mean +/- SD). Measurements should be taken at or above the optimum volume. At volumes below the optimum volume, the pressure decreases by approximately 5% for each 10% of volume decrease. At bladder volumes smaller than 247 ml pressure readings in 50% of subjects are suboptimal. The optimum volume for isovolumetric pressure generation is only marginally related to voiding diary parameters. Probably it represents mechanical properties of the bladder, whereas voiding diary parameters more likely represent neurophysiological properties. However, the optimum volume does not reflect the optimum (smooth) muscle length for force generation of the bladder wall: during normal voiding bladder smooth muscle always operates at a suboptimal length for force generation

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Neurourology and Urodynamics
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Mastrigt, R., & Huang Foen Chung, J. (2006). Bladder volume sensitivity of isovolumetric intravesical pressure. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 25(7), 744–751. doi:10.1002/nau.20202