Campylobacter jejuni lipooligosaccharide (LOS) can trigger Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) due to its similarity to human gangliosides. Rapid and accurate structural elucidation of the LOS glycan of a strain isolated from a GBS patient could help physicians determine the spectrum of anti-ganglioside antibodies likely to be found and therefore provide valuable assistance in establishing an appropriate course of treatment. The ability of implemented mass spectrometry-based approaches in a clinical setting has been limited by the laborious and time-consuming nature of the protocols, typically 3 to 4 days, used to prepare LOS. In order to improve the analytical throughput, microwave-assisted enzymatic digestion was investigated. In this study, the bacterial cells were suspended in 50 μl of 20 mM ammonium acetate buffer containing DNase and RNase and treated by direct microwave irradiation for 3 min. Then, proteinase K was added and the samples were again microwaved. The intact LOS samples were analyzed using electrophoresis-assisted open-tubular liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The reliability of the rapid, high-throughput technique was demonstrated through analysis of LOS glycans from 73 C. jejuni strains. The structure was elucidated using material from a single colony. The total time for sample preparation and MS analysis is less than 60 min.

Campylobacter jejuni, Guillain Barre syndrome, ammonium acetate, article, bacterial strain, bacterium isolate, controlled study, deoxyribonuclease, digestion, electrophoresis, epitope, ganglioside antibody, glycan, human, lipooligosaccharide, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, microwave irradiation, nonhuman, priority journal, proteinase K, ribonuclease,
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Dzieciatkowska, M, Liu, X, Heikema, A.P, Houliston, R.S, van Belkum, A.F, Schweda, E.K.H, … Li, J. (2008). Rapid method for sensitive screening of oligosaccharide epitopes in the lipooligosaccharide from Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from Guillain-Barré syndrome and Miller Fisher syndrome patients. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 46(10), 3429–3436. doi:10.1128/JCM.00681-08