Push-out and pull-out tests are used for destructive evaluation of implant-bone interface strength. Because nondestructive mechanical tests would allow maintenance of an intact interface for subsequent morphological study, we developed such a test to determine the shear modulus of the interface by measuring the shear deformation of a thin layer adjacent to the implant. A polyurethane foam model was used to test the experimental setup on a group of nine cylindrical implants with three different lengths (15-48 mm) and three different diameters (5-9.7 mm). The shear modulus of the interface, as calculated from the pull-out test, was validated against the shear modulus of the foam derived from tensile tests. The two values of shear modulus were well correlated (R2 = 0.8, p < 0.001), thus encouraging further application of the setup for tests of implant-bone interface mechanics. In addition, we also examined the effects of implant length and diameter. The length of the implants had a significant influence on the interface shear modulus (p < 0.05), indicating that comparisons of the variable should only be made of implants with the same length. The length and diameter of the implants were not critical parameters for the ultimate fixation strength.

doi.org/AID-JBM8%3E3.0.CO;2-L, hdl.handle.net/1765/15380
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Berzins, A., Shah, B., Weinans, H., & Sumner, D. (1997). Nondestructive measurements of implant-bone interface shear modulus and effects of implant geometry in pull-out tests. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 34(3), 337–340. doi:AID-JBM8%3E3.0.CO;2-L