We examine the relationship, across 39 countries, between regulation and entrepreneurship using a new two-equation model. We find the minimum capital requirement required to start a business lowers entrepreneurship rates across countries, as do labour market regulations. However the administrative considerations of starting a business – such as the time, the cost, or the number of procedures required – are unrelated to the formation rate of either nascent or young businesses. Given the explicit link made by Djankov et al. [Djankov et al. 2002, ‹The Regulation of Entry’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 117(1), 1–37] between the speed and ease with which businesses may be established in a country and its economic performance – and the enthusiasm with which this link has been grasped by European Union policy makers – our findings imply this link needs reconsidering.

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, World Bank doing business, nascent entrepreneurship, regulation, young businesses
Regulation and Business Law: General (jel K20), Entrepreneurship (jel L26), Economics of Regulation (jel L51), New Firms; Startups (jel M13), Comparative Studies of Countries (jel O57)
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-006-9014-1, hdl.handle.net/1765/15791
ERIM Top-Core Articles
Small Business Economics: an entrepreneurship journal
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

van Stel, A.J, Storey, D, & Thurik, A.R. (2007). The effect of business regulations on nascent to young business entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics: an entrepreneurship journal, 28(2-3), 171–186. doi:10.1007/s11187-006-9014-1