Research has shown that guiding students' attention guides their thought, and that attention can be communicated via eye movements. Therefore, this study investigates whether such a procedure can further enhance the effectiveness of examples in which a solution procedure is demonstrated to students by a (expert) model. Students' attention was guided by showing them not only the model's problem-solving actions on the computer screen, but also the model's eye movements while doing so. Interestingly, results show that combined with a verbal description of the thought process, this form of attention guidance had detrimental effects on learning. Consequences for further research on attention guidance and instructional design are discussed.

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Computers in Human Behavior
Department of Psychology

van Gog, T.A.J.M, Jarodzka, H, Scheiter, K, Gerjets, P, & Paas, G.W.C. (2009). Attention guidance during example study via the model's eye movements. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(3), 785–791. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2009.02.007