Neonatal electroencephalogram (EEG), though often perceived as being difficult to record and interpret, is relatively easy to study due to the immature nature of the brain, which expresses only a few well-defined set of patterns. The EEG interpreter needs to be aware of the maturational changes as well as the effect of pathological processes and medication on brain activity. It gives valuable information for the treatment and prognostication in encephalopathic neonates. In this group, serial EEGs or EEG monitoring often gives additional information regarding deterioration/improvement of the brain function or occurrence of seizures.

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Indian Academy of Neurology. Annals
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cherian, J., Swarte, R., & Visser, G. H. (2009). Technical standards for recording and interpretation of neonatal electroencephalogram in clinical practice. Indian Academy of Neurology. Annals, 12(1), 58–70. doi:10.4103/0972-2327.48869