Objective Five per cent to 30% of cases of idiopathic isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) have first-degree relatives with short stature, which is suggestive of a genetic aetiology. The HYPOPIT study aimed to obtain an overall picture of gene encoding pituitary GH (GH1) and gene encoding GH releasing hormone-receptor (GHRHR) defects in a Dutch IGHD cohort and to relate them with clinical parameters. Design, patients and measurements Genetic analysis was performed of exons and exon-intron boundaries of GH1 and GHRHR in 89 Caucasian IGHD patients from 81 families, using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC), DNA sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. In addition, we performed functional studies on novel identified GH1 exonic variants. Results Five different heterozygous GH1 mutations were present in 5 out of 81 participating families (6·1%), whereas no mutations in GHRHR were found. Patients with IGF-I SDS < -4·0 and peak GH levels < 5·7 mU/l had a mutation frequency of 40%, in contrast to 6·8% in patients with only one criterion, and 0·0% in patients with none of these criteria (P = 0·00007). Five new GH1 and two GHRHR variants were also identified; two of them (GH1 F92L and D153H) caused a marked reduction of GH secretion in vitro. Conclusion GH1 and GHRHR mutations are rare in Caucasian Dutch IGHD patients, which suggests the involvement of other genetic determinants in the aetiology of IGHD. IGF-I < -4·0 and peak GH levels < 5·7 mU/l are strong predictors of GH1 mutations in the studied population.

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doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2265.2008.03414.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/16210
Clinical Endocrinology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

de Graaff, L., Argente, J., Veenma, D., Herrebout, M., Friesema, E., Uitterlinden, A., … Hokken-Koelega, A. (2009). Genetic screening of a Dutch population with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD). Clinical Endocrinology, 70(5), 742–750. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2265.2008.03414.x