We examine the incentives of regions in a country to unite or to separate. We find that smaller regions have greater incentives to unite, relative to larger regions. We show, however, that on the whole, majority voting on separation and union generates excessive incentives to separate. This leads us to examine the scope of alternative political insititutions and rules in overcoming the potential inefficciency. Our paper also provides a wide range of examples to illustrate the different instituions used in actual practice to resolve such problems.

referendum, secession, union, voting
hdl.handle.net/1765/1633
Econometric Institute Research Papers
Erasmus School of Economics

Goyal, S, & Staal, K. (1999). The political economy of regionalism (No. EI 9957-/A). Econometric Institute Research Papers. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/1633