Background: Incisional hernia is a serious complication after abdominal surgery and occurs in 11-23% of laparotomies. Repair can be done, for instance, with a direct suture technique, but recurrence rates are high. Recent literature advises the use of mesh repair. In contrast to this development, we studied the use of a direct suture repair in a separate layer technique. The objective of this retrospective observational study is to assess the outcomes (recurrences and complications) of a two-layered open closure repair for primary and recurrent midline incisional hernia without the use of mesh. Methods: In an observational retrospective cohort study, we analysed the hospital and outpatient records of 77 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for a primary or recurrent incisional hernia between 1st May 2002 and 8th November 2006. The repair consisted of separate continuous suturing of the anterior and posterior fascia, including the rectus muscle, after extensive intra-abdominal adhesiolysis. Results: Forty-one men (53.2%) and 36 women (46.8%) underwent surgery. Sixty-three operations (81.8%) were primary repairs and 14 (18.2%) were repairs for a recurrent incisional hernia. Of the 66 patients, on physical examination, three had a recurrence (4.5%) after an average follow-up of 2.6 years. The 30-day postoperative mortality was 1.1%. Wound infection was seen in five patients (6.5%). Conclusions: A two-layered suture repair for primary and recurrent incisional hernia repair without mesh with extensive adhesiolysis was associated with a recurrence rate comparable to mesh repair and had an acceptable complication rate.

Abdominal hernia, Direct repair, Recurrence, Suture repair, Ventral hernia
dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-009-0487-0, hdl.handle.net/1765/16868
Surgery and Traumatology
Hernia: the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery
Department of Surgery

Dur, A.H.M, den Hartog, D, Tuinebreijer, W.E, Kreis, R.W, & Lange, J.F. (2009). Low recurrence rate of a two-layered closure repair for primary and recurrent midline incisional hernia without mesh. Hernia: the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery, 13(4), 421–426. doi:10.1007/s10029-009-0487-0