In this paper we address the question whether countries on the African continent have lower average growth rates in real GDP per capita than countries in Asia and Latin America. In contrast to previous studies, we do not aggregate the data, nor do we a priori assign countries to clusters. Instead, we put forward a so-called latent class panel time series model, which allows a data-based classification of countries to clusters with growth levels that differ across the clusters. Our empirical results suggest that twenty-six African countries can be assigned to the low growth cluster, but that eleven African countries show growth levels which are comparable with many countries in Asia and Latin America. We also present results for sub-periods, which demonstrate that the relative performance of African countries has improved considerably over time.

Additional Metadata
Keywords economic growth, latent class models, panel time series
JEL Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions (jel C32), Models with Panel Data (jel C33), Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity (jel O4), Comparative Studies of Countries (jel O57)
Persistent URL
Series Econometric Institute Research Papers
Paap, R, Franses, Ph.H.B.F, & van Dijk, D.J.C. (2003). Does Africa grow slower than Asia and Latin America? (No. EI 2003-07). Econometric Institute Research Papers. Retrieved from