Neonatal stroke occurs in 1 in 2300-5000 live births, the incidence of which is lower than that in adults, but still higher than that in childhood. The higher incidence of perinatal stroke in preterm and term infants compared to stroke in childhood may be partly explained by higher detection rates using routine fetal ultrasound and postnatal cranial sonography. In addition, there is greater availability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for neuroimaging in preterm and full-term infants, which is due in part to the availability of MR-compatible incubators and MR systems at or near the neonatal intensive care unit. In addition, the wide range of MR techniques, such as T2-, diffusion- and susceptibility-weighted imaging allows improved visualization and quantification of neonatal stroke or hypoxic-ischemic injury. This chapter reviews the MR neuroimaging modalities that actually assist the clinician in the detection of neonatal stroke.

Arterial spin labeling, Diffusion tensor imaging, Diffusion-weighted imaging, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Perfusion-weighted imaging,
Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Leguin, M, Dudink, J, Tong, K.A, & Obenaus, A. (2009). Magnetic resonance imaging in neonatal stroke. Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 14(5), 299–310. doi:10.1016/j.siny.2009.07.005