This paper explores differences in the proportion of export-oriented early-stage entrepreneurial activity in 12 Asian countries. Drawing on varieties of capitalism theory, we find that Asian countries with high quality institutions are more likely to have higher proportions of young export-oriented firms. However, analysis on a 51 country data set indicates that Asian countries have significantly fewer young export-oriented firms than do non-Asian countries. Furthermore, the multi-country study reveals that countries with higher proportions of export-oriented entrepreneurial activity tend to have flexible industrial relations, high quality vocational training, and confrontational labor-employer relations, however the proportion of export-oriented new ventures is not related to the quality of corporate governance and inter-firm relations.

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ERIM Article Series (EAS)
Asia Pacific Journal of Management
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Terjesen, S., & Hessels, J. (2009). Varieties of export-oriented entrepreneurship in Asia. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 26(3), 537–561. doi:10.1007/s10490-009-9138-3