Performance Management deals with the challenge organizations face in defining, measuring and stimulating employee performance with the ultimate goal to improve organizational performance. Thus, Performance Management involves multiple levels of analysis and is clearly linked to the topics studied in strategic HRM as well as performance appraisal. This paper presents a model for Performance Management combining insights from strategic HRM and I/O psychology. The model incorporates multi-level elements, and adds to previous models by explicitly incorporating employee perceptions, the role of direct supervisors and possible reversed causality. Challenges for future research are also presented.

, ,
, , ,
ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

den Hartog, D., Boselie, P., & Paauwe, J. (2004). Performance Management: A model and research agenda (No. ERS-2004-068-ORG). ERIM Report Series Research in Management. Retrieved from