Oxytocin (OXT) and ghrelin have several common properties such as the involvement in the first phase response to stressors, in appetite regulation, and in the modulation of neural functions. Despite a recent study showing that intraventricular administration of ghrelin activates OXT neurons, little is known on the cross-talk between these two peptides. Here, we investigated the role of the i.v. administration of OXT on circulating ghrelin concentrations under fasting conditions and during the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxemia. A randomized placebo-controlled cross-over study was performed in ten healthy men. In four study sessions, the participants received once placebo, once OXT (1 pmol/kg per min over 90 min), once LPS (2 ng/kg), and once both OXT and LPS. Plasma ghrelin, glucose, and free fatty acid (FFA) levels were measured at regular intervals during the first 6 h following the LPS bolus. Systemic administration of OXT decreased within 1 h plasma ghrelin levels (611±54 vs 697±52 pg/ml in placebo days, P=0.013) and increased plasma glucose and FFA concentrations (P=0.002 and P=0.005 respectively). OXT also reduced the LPS-induced surge in ghrelin at time point 2 h (P=0.021). In summary, i.v. administration of OXT decreases circulating levels of ghrelin during fasting, as well as following LPS-induced endotoxemia in healthy men. The cross-talk between OXT and ghrelin might be important in the regulation of energy homeostasis and stress responses.

Additional Metadata
Keywords adult, article, blood, crossover procedure, diet restriction, endotoxemia, ghrelin, human, intravenous drug administration, male, oxytocin, physiological stress, randomization
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1677/JOE-09-0227, hdl.handle.net/1765/17851
Journal Journal of Endocrinology
Citation
Vila, G, Riedl, M, Resl, M, van der Lely, A-J, Hofland, L.J, Clodi, M, & Luger, A. (2009). Systemic administration of oxytocin reduces basal and lipopolysaccharide- induced ghrelin levels in healthy men. Journal of Endocrinology, 203(1), 175–179. doi:10.1677/JOE-09-0227