Objectives: This study sought predictors of mortality in patients aged ≥75 years with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and evaluated the validity of the GUSTO-I and TIMI risk models. Methods: Clinical variables, treatment and mortality data from 433 consecutive patients were collected. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were applied to identify baseline factors associated with 30-day mortality. Subsequently a model predicting 30-day mortality was created and compared with the performance of the GUSTO-I and TIMI models. Results: After adjustment, a higher Killip class was the most important predictor (OR 16.1; 95% CI 5.7-45.6). Elevated heart rate, longer time delay to admission, hyperglycemia and older age were also associated with increased risk. Patients with hypercholesterolemia had a significantly lower risk (OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.24-0.86). Discrimination (c-statistic 0.79, 95% CI 0.75-0.84) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow 6, p = 0.5) of our model were good. The GUSTO-I and TIMI risk scores produced adequate discrimination within our dataset (c-statistic 0.76, 95% CI 0.71-0.81, and c-statistic 0.77, 95% CI 0.72-0.82, respectively), but calibration was not satisfactory (HL 21.8, p = 0.005 for GUSTO-I, and HL 20.6, p = 0.008 for TIMI). Conclusions: Short-term mortality in elderly patients with a first STEMI depends most importantly on initial clinical and hemodynamic status. The GUSTO-I and TIMI models are insufficiently adequate for providing an exact estimate of 30-day mortality risk.

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doi.org/10.1159/000243770, hdl.handle.net/1765/17900
Cardiology: international journal of cardiovascular medicine, surgery and pathology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Lenderink, T., Hernández, A., Boersma, E., Martínez-Sellés, M., Juárez, M., Sanchez, P., … Bueno, H. (2009). Prediction of 30-day mortality in older patients with a first acute myocardial infarction. Cardiology: international journal of cardiovascular medicine, surgery and pathology, 115(1), 1–9. doi:10.1159/000243770