This paper offers a new data set and window to empirically test Leviathan theory in the sense of China's transition economy. By combining time series and cross-section regression analysis and various variables used by previous empirical studies, we test the Leviathan hypothesis for vertical decentralization, horizontal fragmentation and intergovernmental collusion at national and provincial level, respectively. Our empirical results lend support to Leviathan hypothesis, especially, under the condition of absence of traditional democratic electoral constraint.

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ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

Zhu, Z., & Krug, B. (2004). Is China a Leviathan? (No. ERS-2004-103-ORG). ERIM Report Series Research in Management. Retrieved from