Attention for discrimination against women in asylum law has grown considerably during the last few decades. Yet it is male claimants who have had smaller success Rates in the asylum procedures of different countries. Using administrative data from the Dutch INS, we show this difference is caused by the traditionally gendered migration pattern of asylum seekers. Men have a smaller success rate than women because they are less likely than women to have a spouse or children, are less likely to follow their spouse to the country of destination, and are more likely to come from countries considered to be safe. This suggests that men are less successful in their attempts to seek asylum because they better fit the image of "bogus" refugees, while women more clearly match the image of "victim of patriarchal domination".

Additional Metadata
Keywords asylum seeker, gender issue, gender role, international migration, sex-related difference
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0197-9183.2008.01149.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/18226
Journal International Migration Review: a quarterly studying sociological, demographic, economic, historical, and legislative aspects of human migration movements and ethnic group relations
Citation
Mascini, P, & van Bochove, M. (2009). Gender stereotyping in the Dutch asylum procedure: "Independent" men versus "dependent" women. International Migration Review: a quarterly studying sociological, demographic, economic, historical, and legislative aspects of human migration movements and ethnic group relations, 43(1), 112–133. doi:10.1111/j.0197-9183.2008.01149.x