Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in the Netherlands and other developed countries. Each year, more than 10,000 cases are newly diagnosed in the Netherlands and over 1 million worldwide. About half of these patients die of the disease. CRC is most common in Europe, North America, Australia and Japan (Figure 1.1). The Western diet is the most likely cause for the high incidence in these countries. This causation is supported by the increasing trend in CRC incidence in newly industrialized countries and the high CRC incidence in non‐Western immigrants in for example the U.S. and Australia.

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EMC Rotterdam, J.E. Jurriaanse Stichting
J.D.F. Habbema (Dik)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Lansdorp-Vogelaar, I. (2009, April 9). Effects of Colorectal Cancer Screening on Population Health: a modeling assessment. Retrieved from