We examine the marginal effects of decentralized public health spending by incorporating estimates of behavioural responses to changes in public health spending through benefit incidence analysis. The analysis is based on a panel dataset of 207 Indonesian districts over a 4-year period from 2001 to 2004. We show that district-level public health spending is largely driven by central government transfers, with an elasticity of public health spending with respect to district revenues of around 0.9. We find a positive effect of public health spending on utilization of outpatient care in the public sector for the poorest two quartiles. We find no evidence that public expenditures crowd oututilization of private services or household health spending. Our analysis suggests that increased public health spending improves targeting to the poor, as behavioural changes in public health care utilization are pro-poor. Nonetheless, most of the benefits of the additional spending accrued to existing users of services, as initial utilization shares outweigh the behavioural responses.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Indonesia., benefit incidence, decentralization, health care utilization, public spending
JEL State and Local Budget and Expenditures (jel H72), State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare (jel H75), Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health (jel I18)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/18706
Series ISS Working Papers - General Series
Journal ISS Working Paper Series / General Series
Grant This work was funded by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme; grant id fp7/223166 - Health Equity and Financial Protection in Asia (HEFPA)
Sparrow, R.A, Pradhan, M.P, & Kruse, I. (2009). Marginal benefit incidence of public health spending: evidence from Indonesian sub-national data. ISS Working Paper Series / General Series (Vol. 487, pp. 1–37). Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/18706