Background: Major aortic surgery results in significant haemodynamic and oxidative stress to the myocardium. Cytokine release is a major factor in causing cardiac injury during aortic surgery. Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) has the potential to reduce the severity of the ischaemia reperfusion syndrome and its systemic consequences. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of myocardial injury during conventional and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using measurement of the myocardial-specific protein, cardiac troponin T. Interleukin-6 was also measured in both groups and haemodynamic responses to surgery assessed. Methods: Nine consecutive patients undergoing conventional infra-renal aortic aneurysm surgery were compared with 13 patients who underwent EVAR. Patients were allocated on the basis of aneurysm morphology and suitability for endovascular repair. Results: Patients undergoing open repair had significantly more haemodynamic disturbance than those having endovascular repair (mean arterial pressure at 5 min following unclamping or balloon deflation: open (69.6 + 3.3 mmHg); endovascular (86 + 4.4 mmHg), P < 0.05 vs. pre-op). Troponin T levels at 48 h post-operatively were higher in patients who underwent open repair (open 0.164 + 0.1 ng/ml; endovascular 0.008 + 0.0005 ng/ml, P < 0.04). Significantly more patients in the open repair group had troponin T levels > 0.1 ng/l when compared with the endovascular group (P < 0.01, χ 2 test) Conclusion: Endovascular aortic surgery produces significantly less myocardial injury than the open technique of aortic aneurysm repair.

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Irish Journal of Medical Science
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Barry, M. C., Hendriks, J., van Dijk, L., Pattynama, P., Poldermans, D., Bouchier-Hayes, D., … van Sambeek, M. (2010). A comparative study of myocardial injury during conventional and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair: Measurement of cardiac troponin T and plasma cytokine release. Irish Journal of Medical Science, 179(1), 35–42. doi:10.1007/s11845-009-0282-z