A Dutch couple, presenting with persisting arthralgias, temporary fever and rash after a stay in Surinam were diagnosed with Mayaro virus infection. Mayaro virus is a relatively unknown South American Alphavirus responsible for dengue-like clinical features and persisting arthralgias. An important, but probably underappreciated cross-reactivity with other Alphaviruses like Chikungunya virus is present, which may become of clinical importance in the event the various Alphaviruses will have overlapping geographical distributions and in seroprevalence studies.

Alphavirus, Chikungunya virus, Cross-reactivity, Mayaro virus, Surinam
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2010.06.009, hdl.handle.net/1765/20043
Journal of Infection
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Hassing, R.J, Leparc-Goffart, I, Blank, S.N, Thevarayan, S, Tolou, H, van Doornum, G.J.J, & van Genderen, P.J.J. (2010). Imported Mayaro virus infection in the Netherlands. Journal of Infection, 61(4), 343–345. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2010.06.009