Prior to the discovery of the genetic background of craniosynostosis, its classification was purely based on clinical features. This classification system did however have its pitfalls which became more obvious after comparing it with the detected genetic mutations. Because this classification has been the basis for clinical practice for years and still is applied world wide, this chapter will begin by giving a historical and clinical view on craniosynostosis before discussing the genetic aspects.

S.E.R. Hovius (Steven)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Mathijssen, I. (2000, October 25). Craniosynostosis: clinical and fundamental aspects. Retrieved from