Although in the last decades advances in fetal and neonatal medicine have reduced mortality in neonatal intensive care units in the Western world, the morbidity due to brain injury remains high. Patterns of neonatal brain injury can be roughly divided in (1) term and (2) preterm patterns. Table 1 shows the number of infants admitted to the NICU in the Sophia Children’’s Hospital between March 2008 and March 2010 with a typical ‘‘neurological’’ diagnosis. The table highlights differences in diagnoses between preterm and term infants in relation to gender. In preterm infants the most common diagnoses are: persistent flaring (hypersignal intensity seen in periventricluar white matter using cranial ultrasound), intraventricular haemorrhage and venous infarction. In term infants perinatal asphyxia and perinatal stroke are most often reported.

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Prinses Beatrix Fonds
J.B. van Goudoever (Hans)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Dudink, J. (2010, September). Diffusion Weighted Imaging of the Neonatal Brain. Retrieved from