Background: There are limited data on the long-term safety and efficacy profile of coronary stent implantation in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective: We aimed to assess the 4-year clinical outcome in patients who received a bare-metal stent (BMS), sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), or a paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) for the percutaneous treatment of stable angina in our center during 2000-2005. Methods: In the study period, a total of 2,449 consecutive patients (BMS = 1,005; SES = 373; and PES = 1071) underwent a PCI as part of three historical PCI-cohorts for stable angina and were routinely followed for the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Results: At 4 years follow-up, 264 BMS patients (26.8%) had a MACE, compared to 75 SES patients (20.9%) and 199 PES patients (23.9%). Multivariate analysis showed that SES and PES were superior to BMS with respect to MACE [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.62, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.47-0.81; HR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.55-0.82, respectively]. The occurrence of MACE was significantly lower in the SES and PES population, primarily due to less target-vessel revascularization (TVR) procedures (HR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.37-0.75; HR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.62-0.81, respectively). The occurrence of early, late, and very late stent thrombosis was equally rare with each stent type. There were no significant differences between SES and PES on death, myocardial infarction, TVR, and MACE. Conclusion: These findings suggest that SES and PES result in decreased TVR procedures and MACE compared to BMS at 4 years follow-up. SES or PES implantation should be the preferred choice over BMS for patients with stable CAD undergoing PCI.

CYPHER, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Stable coronary disease, Stents, adult, article, bare metal stent, controlled study, coronary artery disease, drug eluting stent, expressed sequence tag, female, follow up, heart infarction, human, intermethod comparison, major clinical study, male, paclitaxel, percutaneous coronary intervention, rapamycin, recurrent disease, stable angina pectoris, stent thrombosis, treatment outcome, unclassified drug,
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Cihan, S, Onuma, Y, Magro, M, de Boer, S.P.M, Battes, L.C, van Domburg, R.T, … Serruys, P.W.J.C. (2010). Four-year clinical outcome of sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents compared to bare-metal stents for the percutaneous treatment of stable coronary artery disease. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 76(1), 41–49. doi:10.1002/ccd.22533